Tamale University Hospital pharmacy produces chlorine from common salt

Tamale University Hospital (TTH) has taken another giant leap towards infection prevention and control by producing chlorine for use in the facility and other healthcare facilities.

The TTH Pharmacy manufacturing team has started producing on-site liquid chlorine, the first of its kind in the country, and the approach has been a resounding success since its inception in April of this year.

Dr Hamidu Abdulai, director of pharmacy at TTH, who announced this in an interview with the Ghanaian news agency in Tamale, said that several quality control tests performed by the pharmacy’s manufacturing team had always proven the high quality of the chlorine produced.

He said that since April, TTH has produced and supplied liquid chlorine to various units and departments through its collaboration with Aqua Research LLC.

The main among these units are the COVID-19 isolation, treatment and testing centers, the obstetrics and gynecology department, the intensive care unit, laboratories, theaters and wards, where the product has been used for fumigation.

He said that in addition to the economic benefits of locally generated chlorine for TTH, in terms of affordability and sustainability, users of the product, including nurses, midwives, doctors and cleaners, had attested to its power, efficiency and convenience.

Chlorine is a powerful disinfectant and widely used to deactivate pathogenic microorganisms in drinking water, swimming pools and wastewater, for the disinfection of domestic areas, healthcare establishments and laundry.

The World Health Organization recognizes chlorine as a key disinfectant in the prevention and control of infections, especially in healthcare settings, and liquid chlorine is also used for the decontamination of surgical equipment, medical devices, instruments, bodily fluids and blood spills, and for disinfecting patient care areas.

Following the Ebola pandemic in Africa from 2014 to 2016, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended a chlorine concentration of 0.4% to 0.5% (4000 to 5000 mg / l) for use in healthcare facilities for cleaning surfaces where it is not directly exposed to the skin.

For washing or rinsing hands, the CDC recommended a concentration of 500 mg / L, and studies have shown that the chlorine used for cleaning surfaces kills at least 99.9% of viruses and bacteria.

The RAG concluded that the TTH’s on-site generator system produced liquid chlorine as a mixed oxidizing solution at a concentration of 5,000 mg / L by electrolysis of sodium chloride (brine), and that the unit of the system was capable of producing 4.8 liters of liquid chlorine per hour and would run continuously as long as salt and water are available.

The mixed oxidizing solution included chlorine in the form of sodium hypochlorite, but also small amounts of hydrogen peroxide, and this combination made it more effective as a disinfectant than 0.8% sodium hypochlorite.

Dr Abdulai said TTH is working hard with the support of its chairman of the board, Mr. Nasirdeen Mahmoud, to increase production to fully meet the demand of the institution and that of other health facilities. , public and private establishments.

The TTH Pharmacy manufacturing team also produced alcohol-based hand sanitizers, which are used in the facility and by the public to protect themselves from the coronavirus pandemic.

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